2019 Tech Outlook: Vatebra predicts the breakout technologies for the year

 

  • Blockchain-as-a-Service (BaaS)

As servitisation business models continue to grow in popularity, it’s only natural that we are now seeing as-a-service offerings emerge for blockchain applications. Blockchain-as-a-service (BaaS) has established a strong market presence and is promising enterprises a way to utilise the much-hyped technology.

Organisations like Oracle, Microsoft and IBM have launched blockchain-as-a-service (BaaS) offerings. Although their solutions differ from each other in various ways, they all seem to be establishing themselves as a way for enterprises to take on the nascent technology without the cost or risk of developing it in-house.

In 2019 we will begin to see the first practical implementations of the blockchain, beyond the cryptocurrency use case, and unlock distributed marketplaces and computing systems that leverage communities for sharing of resources in both a cost- and resource-efficient manner.

 

 

  • Enterprise Content Management

In 2019 Enterprise content management (ECM) is set to define processes, strategies and tools that allow a business to effectively obtain, organize, store and deliver critical information to its employees, business stakeholders and customers.

ECM is a concept that helps streamline the lifecycle of information with document management and automates process workflows. It is compatible with most file types, including office productivity suites, image files, email, computer-aided design (CAD) and more.

In 2019, more documentation will originate digitally, eliminating the need for organizations to “go paperless” in the first place. Enterprise Content Management (ECM) software integrates disparate data from across your organization through the use of electronic forms and automated workflows. By empowering this exchange of data, businesses maximize their return on investment (ROI) and customer acquisition costs (CAC) throughout customer lifecycles.

 

 

  • 5G Network

5G mobile networks (or 5G network) are the next-generation standard for wireless communications. They are scheduled to follow (but not replace) current 4G networks with vastly increased capacity, lower latency, and faster speeds.

Anticipated between 2019 and 2020, some 5G networks will initially operate in a high-frequency band of the wireless spectrum — between 28 GHz and 38 GHz — also known as the millimetre wave (mmWave) spectrum. 5G will become a major player and competitor to all things WiFi in 2019.

 

 

 

  • Game Streaming Services

This is a year when there’s going to be a great deal of attention placed on the new entrants to the video streaming market (Apple, Disney, Time Warner, etc.), the surprise breakout winner in cloud-based entertainment in 2019 could actually be game streaming services, such as Microsoft’s Project xCloud (based on its Xbox gaming platform) and other possible entrants.

 

 

 

  • Intelligent Marketing Technology

As customers become more discerning and data-savvy, their expectations around how and when retail brands communicate with them will continue to rise. This will push more brands to take a more sophisticated approach to market tech, adding extra layers of innate intelligence through machine learning and A.I. into their marketing stack and freeing up human marketers to do what they do best.

In 2019, we will experience a shift in the marketing spheres. Much more people and organizations will start to depend on new technologies to market, this will be wild card chase but it will be worth every penny and time as much more interesting technologies take shape.

 

 

 

SEE LINK: https://docdro.id/GxxSRGN

 

 

CREATIVITY, INNOVATION AND CHANGE

Creativity and Innovation are the key drivers of organizational success. Change is the inevitable result of this creative and innovative process.

Let’s ponder on this:

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“When Apple created iTunes it didn’t just create a faster, cheaper, better digital format for music, it altered the very nature of the relationship between music and people. eBay did not just create a platform for auctions, it changed the way we look at the experience of shopping and how community plays a role in the experience”. (Thomas Kouropoulos 2012)

 

How is Innovation Changing Us?

Incremental InnovationIt utilizes your existing technology and increases value to the customer (features, design changes, etc.) within your existing market.  Almost all companies engage in incremental innovation in one form or another.

Architectural InnovationIt is simply taking the lessons, skills and overall technology and applying them within a different market.   This innovation is amazing at increasing new customers as long as the new market is receptive.

Radical innovation – It is about new technologies replace old existing technology. i.e., Fax machines replacing telex machines. Email replacing fax machines. Radical innovations are for the most part new inventions that can be market disruptive.

Disruptive Innovation – Disruptive innovation, also known as stealth innovation, involves applying new technology or processes to your company’s current market.   It is stealthy in nature since newer tech will often be inferior to existing market technology.

 

What does it mean to game-change?

Game-changing innovation transforms markets and even society. These innovations have a radical impact on how humans act, think and feel in some way. Innovations that reach this level are always able to define a new category and fulfil an essential unmet wish or need consumers to have.

 

The Relationship Between Creativity & Innovation

Ponder on this…

CREATIVITY + INNOVATION = LEADERSHIP (Market Leader)

 

BASIS FOR COMPARISON CREATIVITY INNOVATION
Meaning Creativity is an act of creating new ideas, imaginations and possibilities. Innovation is the introduction of something new and effective in the market.
Process Imaginative Productive
Quantifiable No Yes
Related to Thinking something new Introducing something new
Money Consumption No Yes
Risk No Yes


Key Differences between Creativity and Innovation

The following are the major differences between Creativity and Innovation:

  1. The quality of thinking new ideas and putting them into reality is creativity. The act of executing the creative ideas into practice is innovation.
  2. Creativity is an imaginative process as opposed to innovation is a productive process.
  3. Creativity can never be measured, but Innovation can be measured.
  4. Creativity is related to the generation of ideas which are new and unique. Conversely, Innovation is related to introduce something better into the market.
  5. Creativity does not require money. On the other hand, innovation requires money.
  6. There is no risk involved in creativity, whereas the risk is always attached to innovation.

 

How to check WAEC result on phone

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So, you finally managed to pass such an important exam as GCE. It’s naturally, that you are very interested in topic “what’s my GCE result?”. Sometimes there are situations when the access to a computer or laptop is simply missing and then the most accessible way to find out your result is a mobile phone. It is always at your hand and the process of checking the result will literally take you a few minutes.

 

So how to check my GCE result on my phone? The point is that the process of checking your result using the mobile phone or smartphone is not complicated. In today’s article, we’ll look at the result verification option, which helps to find out the result in just two minutes after sending the request. The result is displayed accordingly on the screen of your mobile device. All that you need is to follow the guidelines closely and write a certain combination.

 

You will need to enter the combination on your mobile device and send SMS directly to WAEC.

 

Write the following combination as it shown on a picture below:

 

How to check GCE result on phone

 

In the line “Receiver” it is necessary to enter the following information:

 

  • 32327 and then click send.
  • In general, your message will look something like this:
  • WAEC*8912015783*5643210789*2018
  • And then enter the recipient’s number in the line “Recipient”

 

The main point, you should pay a special attention is that you need to clearly type the combination that was mentioned above. Remember that there should be no spaces between letters and numbers, everything is written together! Otherwise, the results that you expect will not be available.

 

Sending this request SMS is not free and it will cost you about N30. If you entered all the information correctly, the SMS with the result will be received as soon as your request is processed, usually it is no longer than 2 minutes. According to the information published by WAEC, the passing of the exam will take place in several stages starting from 2018.

 

The first stage of examination is planned for the period from January to February 2018. The second stage of the examination will be held from August to October 2018. The WAEC also noted that in the first stage of passing the exams, is intended mostly for urban residents. This year WAEC also drew a special attention to the problem of obtaining education among prison inmates.

 

That is why WAEC announced its plans to conclude partnership agreements with interested parties and thereby to open access to passing exams and for prisoners. Such a decision on the statements of the head of WAEC, will help in the development of education among prisoners, and also increase their chances of getting work in the aftermath.

 

GCE result checker mobile app

 

How to check gce result on phone

 

There is also another way to check the results with your mobile phone. For this purpose, a special mobile application was developed. This application is a tool for verifying the results of the GCE. At the moment, the application is valid only for residents of Nigeria, Ghana, Sierra Leone and the Gambia.

 

This application is a so-called mobile platform, through which each of the WAEC examiners can learn about their results. This concerns both to students who have officially passed exams at school, and candidates who passed the exam privately.

 

The results that you can get with this application are absolutely accurate and official, which is easy to verify by getting your results online on the web. In order to get results, you need to enter the following data in the application:

 

Examin. Numb./Examin. Year/Examin. Type/Result Checker Ser. Numb./Res. Checker Pin Well, here you have learned how to check GCE result and now you can do it at any convenient time. However, it should also be noted that the above verification procedure has certain limitations. The fact is that with the help of your mobile phone number, you will be able to make only 5 requests for the GCE result. As soon as you run out of these 5 attempts, you will need to insert another sim card into the phone, and then you can make 5 queries in WAEC again.

 

 

 

 

 

Tech firms, including Microsoft, Facebook, vow not to aid government cyber attacks

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Microsoft, Facebook and more than 30 other global technology companies on Tuesday announced a joint pledge not to assist any government in offensive cyber attacks.

 

The Cybersecurity Tech Accord, which vows to protect all customers from attacks regardless of geopolitical or criminal motive, follows a year that witnessed an unprecedented level of destructive cyber attacks, including the global WannaCry worm and the devastating NotPetya attack.

“The devastating attacks from the past year demonstrate that cyber security is not just about what any single company can do but also about what we can all do together,” Microsoft President Brad Smith said in a statement. “This tech sector accord will help us take a principled path toward more effective steps to work together and defend customers around the world.”

Smith, who helped lead efforts to organize the accord, was expected to discuss the alliance in a speech on Tuesday at the RSA cyber security conference in San Francisco.

 

The accord also promised to establish new formal and informal partnerships within the industry and with security researchers to share threats and coordinate vulnerability disclosures.

The pledge builds on an idea for a so-called Digital Geneva Convention Smith rolled out at least year’s RSA conference, a proposal to create an international body to protect civilians from state-sponsored hacking.

Countries, Smith said then, should develop global rules for cyber attacks similar to those established for armed conflict at the 1949 Geneva Convention that followed World War Two.

In addition to Microsoft and Facebook, 32 other companies signed the pledge, including Cisco, Juniper Networks, Oracle, Nokia, SAP, Dell and cyber security firms Symantec, FireEye and Trend Micro.

The list of companies does not include any from Russia, China, Iran or North Korea, widely viewed as the most active in launching destructive cyber attacks against their foes.

Major U.S. technology companies Amazon, Apple, Alphabet and Twitter also did not sign the pledge.

 

Reporting by Dustin Volz; Editing by Dan Grebler

Courtesy: Reuters

Internet of Things drives personal security market growth

From wearables to personal sensors, the Internet of Things and new developments with connectivity are driving growth, innovation and new market opportunities with the personal security market.

The emergence of an innovative market fusing technology and connectivity for the purposes of business and home security is highlighted in a new report from Frost & Sullivan, titled “Sensors in Security & Surveillance, Global Forecast to 2023.”

The report discusses how the accelerating developments with of Internet of Things (IoT) and the Industrial IoT is placing an increasing emphasis on security and surveillance. The study examines a range of different sensors including image sensors; LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging); RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification Devices); motion sensors; gesture sensors; biometric sensors; sound sensors; flame detection devices; smoke detector instruments; biosensors; gas sensors; and explosion detection instruments.

The study looks at the overall market as well as the specific technologies. With the market, the types of applications include perimeter security, intrusion detection, and access control. Strong growth in terms of sensor purchases and expansion of sensor use into new areas is predicted through to 2023.

In terms of value, IFSEC Global assesses the market to be have been worth $6,267.9 million in 2016. This could grow to $12,012 million by 2023. This represents an increase of 91.7 percent. In terms of the strongest candidate for growth, image sensors top the list. A second area for growth will be robotic devices like automatic guided vehicles, the report finds.

These trends are affirmed in a second report into the sensor area, from Future Market Insights. Here analysts note how attractive insurance policies, offering discounts for businesses and home owners who fit the latest security sensor technologies, is helping to fuel market growth as well as technological innovation.

 

As an example of a novel type of security sensor called Duo, see the Digital Journal article “New portable security sensor Duo to makes any space safe.”

 

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Green Tech Will Be Everywhere In 2018

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In 2017, clean power gathered unprecedented momentum. Multiple automakers launched entire families of EVs, including the most exciting one yet, Tesla’s Model 3. The company also started pre-orders for the Solar Roof, a type of home photovoltaic panel that will make solar panel installations less ugly.

With climate change problems mounting, national and local governments are pushing for more renewable energy and an end to fossil-fueled cars — despite hostile moves in those areas by US President Donald Trump. Elected officials and the public want fewer gas-powered vehicles and coal plants, and more EVs, solar panels and wind turbines. That will ultimately benefit your health, wallet and environment, and you’ll be less reliant on large energy and oil corporations, to boot.

With the expectations of consumers, companies and governments all getting higher, 2018 has a lot to deliver. There are key deadlines, especially on Tesla’s part, and if companies miss them, green buyers could go from exuberant to depressed. Here’s what to expect on the consumer side for EVs, clean home power, battery storage backup, and more.

Politics is changing how you’ll drive and live

A car-free day in Paris, which will be banning fossil-fuel vehicles by 2030. Getty Images. President Trump opted America out of the Paris climate agreement, and he and many of the Republicans who control Congress have pushed coal and oil instead of clean energy. This is despite increasing concern in the scientific community that atmospheric CO2 levels are reaching the point of no return.

The rest of the world, however, is moving forward. France, for one, created the “Make our Planet Great Again” initiative as counter-programming to Trump. That nation and the UK will also ban fossil-fueled cars completely by 2040. That’s admittedly pretty far in the future, but France’s notoriously polluted capital, Paris, has declared that gas- and diesel-burning cars will be banned much sooner, starting in 2030.

Elsewhere, China installed a record number of wind and solar energy projects in 2017 to curb its own smog issues, and has even bigger plans for 2018 and beyond. The nation wants 20 percent of its power to come from solar or wind by 2030, and to invest around $560 billion by 2020, creating 13 million jobs in the process. As China is now the world’s biggest polluter, this will not only mitigate global CO2 levels, but make green tech cheaper around the world.

These governmental actions aren’t just bluster — they’re already having a potential impact on your life. Many of the big car brands, including Mercedes, Honda, GM and Volkswagen, sell cars worldwide, and a lot of countries are forcing manufacturers to produce more efficient vehicles. That will have a big impact on how vehicles are built and sold in the US, regardless of who’s in power.

In 2018, then, you’ll have more choice than ever for green transportation as plug-in-hybrid choices expand and EVs become ever more mainstream. Whereas before Tesla was the only game in town for long-range electric transport (read: more than 150 miles), you can now choose a Chevy Bolt, Nissan Leaf or, if you’re in Europe, a Renault Zoe. Next year there will be even more choices as cars like the VW e-Golf and the Jaguar i-Pace arrive. More on those in a moment.

Meanwhile, home solar panels are getting cheaper as the technology gets incrementally better each year, pushed by the manufacture of gigawatt-size installations around the world. At the same time, the prices for home battery packs to back up said panels are also falling as they’re being manufactured on a large scale for both EVs and power backup systems like the one Tesla just finished in Australia.

What that means for you is that solar panel installations for your roof have dropped nearly a quarter in price over the past few years, and batteries are becoming a realistic option for more folks.

However, politics could again hamstring progress. The FTC may introduce new tariffs on Chinese solar panel imports, effectively raising prices across the industry. At the same time, the government is weighing whether to get rid of the $7,500 federal EV tax credit (at the moment, it looks safe), which would have a devastating impact on sales next year and beyond.

Tesla started delivering the Model 3 in July 2017 to the nearly 400,000 people who ordered one. At that time, Elon Musk promised to build around 1,500 in September, 20,000 this month, and up to 10,000 a week later in 2018. Suffice to say, that didn’t happen — not even close. By the beginning of October, the company had produced just 260 cars, reportedly because of Gigafactory battery production issues and other problems.

Things have picked up since, with large numbers of Model 3s reportedly spotted at delivery centers. On top of that, suppliers recently reported that Tesla has increased its demand for parts for up to 5,000 vehicles per week. If Tesla holds to that, it will just be a month or two behind its original schedule. Still, last quarter it produced a record 25,336 vehicles over three months (mostly Model S and Model X EVs), so 20,000 Model 3s in a single month would be a big leap.

Lucky for us, other manufacturers will be selling other new or updated EVs next year, including Chevy, Nissan, Jaguar and Audi. Here’s the best of what you’ll be able to buy next year:

Chevy Bolt

Chevy wants to sell about 30,000 Bolts a year and, after some early stumbles, it’s getting on track. Last month it sold nearly 3,000, and that will likely build to more than 20,000 by the end of 2017. While it’s not the sexiest of EVs, Engadget and most other reviewers really, really like the Bolt. That’s because it’s a fun, sporty and spacious little car that can go farther than you’d expect on a charge (up to 238 miles, to be exact). For 2018, the vehicle will be largely unchanged, but it remains an excellent option.

Nissan Leaf

The 2018 Leaf may not have quite the range of a Bolt or a Tesla Model 3, but it’s cheaper and can still go around 150 miles, enough for a decent mid-range trip. And having launched the Leaf in 2010, Nissan knows how to build electric cars. For buyers next year, there’s a bonus: its Pro Pilot driver assist is now here.

BMW i3

If you have more cash to spend, BMW’s $48,300 i3 combines futuristic styling with the sporty fun you’d expect from the automaker. This year, a new range extender brought the maximum trip on a charge to 90 miles, enough for comfortable city driving or short trips. In 2018, it’s bringing a Sport version with quicker acceleration and, more importantly, the new TurboCord EV Charger, with faster charging if you hook it up to a 240-volt power supply.

Volkswagen e-Golf

VW has been talking a lot about its I.D. electric vehicles, including the Buzz and the Crozz, but those won’t be built until 2020 at the earliest. If you want a real, if somewhat boring, EV from VW in 2018, the e-Golf will be it. Next year’s model will reportedly have a realistic 186-mile range, making it a much more practical car than this year’s model, which goes around 125 miles.

Jaguar I-Pace

Jaguar’s I-Pace Jaguar might not top your list of affordable EVs, but if you’re well-off enough to be considering a Model X or S, the I-Pace will give you something to think about next year. It will have a 90kWh battery, a 400-horsepower motor and killer looks, judging by the concept. There’s no price yet, but knowing that it’s Jaguar, you can expect something in the six-figure region.

Audi E-Tron Quattro

Audi opened up pre-orders to the E-Tron Quattro this year, but there was a big caveat: You had to be living in Norway. Nevertheless, the automaker plans to start selling it in 2018, probably in Europe only, but it should introduce the vehicle in the US toward the beginning of 2019. With a 95kWh battery pack, it’ll reach up to 210 miles on a charge, giving Tesla — and, soon, Jaguar — a run for their money.

Lithium-ion battery systems are having a good year outside of EVs, famously helping Australia and Hawaii save sun and wind energy for rainy (or calm) days. Tesla again gets the lion’s share of publicity for its Powerpack installations, which helped it win a $50 million bet with the South Australian government.

We also have to give a nod to Ikea, though, which has been selling inexpensive solar panels in the UK and other nations. It unveiled its own battery system in Britain (manufactured, again, by Panasonic). For £6,925 ($9,300), you can get a package with both solar panels and the battery, including installation.

As for what you can look forward to next year, let’s just say that battery tech is like Tesla itself at times — long on exciting news, but short on real, timely products.

Still, there are a few developments that could arrive to market as early as next year. The most promising is perhaps StoreDot’s batteries, which can be charged in as little as five minutes for both EVs and smartphones. The company has been vague about how it works, saying the tech uses nano-materials and organic compounds, but StoreDot has promised that it could arrive to market as soon as 2018. If batteries like those used by Tesla and Chevy could be charged in five minutes rather than an hour, it would obviously make EVs a lot more practical for long trips.

More realistically, Samsung was among the first of the big manufacturers to launch a faster-charging lithium-ion battery, the 21700 cell, at the beginning of the year. It can be fully charged in just 20 minutes, a significant improvement over the 30-minute-plus charging times of current cells. The only problem: While they’re already available for e-bikes and other smaller devices, Samsung reportedly won’t mass-produce them for cars until about 2021.

We’ve detailed hydrogen’s issues (efficiency and infrastructure) compared to pure EVs, but there are a few automakers still committed to the technology. Toyota and Honda are partnering with Japanese fuel firms to increase hydrogen infrastructure in Japan, eliminating one of the biggest impediments to the tech.

As for whether you’ll drive a hydrogen car in 2018, the answer is “not likely.” The cars are still far too expensive ($60,000 or so for the Toyota Mirai), and there are almost no filling stations in North America. Hydrogen needs economies of scale to kick in, and with EVs coming on strong, that seems increasingly unlikely.

Speaking of infrastructure, with more companies launching EVs, you’ll need more places to charge them besides your home. In Europe, the Ionity network will be launching more than 400 stations by 2020, including eighty 350kW ultra-fast chargers that can juice up future EVs in as little as five to 10 minutes.

In the US, there are now around 16,000 charging stations, with 13 percent of those offering fast charging. Tesla alone has 900 charging stations, with 6,000 supercharger stalls, and plans to have up to 18,000 superchargers by the end of 2018. Other manufacturers, including Nissan and BMW, have plans to install chargers in the US, often working with private companies like ChargePoint and evGo. California alone wants its power companies to have 20,000 charging stations by 2020.

The best-ever year for green energy

Tesla’s Powerpack batteries back up solar panels in Hawaii AOL If 2018 fulfills the potential of 2017, green energy will become an unstoppable force. Any moves the Trump administration decides to make against it will only hurt the US in the short term, as green tech becomes an economic force around the world.

As The Economist points out in the video below, EVs next year could be cheaper than gasoline cars for the first time, considering overall cost of ownership.

Sales of EVs, including plug-in hybrids, could top 200,000 units in the US this year, according to Inside EVs, and surpass a million worldwide. Suffice to say that replacing a million gas-burning cars will have a big impact on atmospheric CO2 levels. Next year we could blow past that figure by July or August.

Even without big breakthroughs, battery tech keeps evolving and is bound to give us more capacity and faster charging times in 2018. Small tech and engineering gains will also make solar panels a bit better and a bit cheaper.

Beyond that, in 2019 and 2020, auto companies like Mercedes and VW will launch brand-new and formidable EV lineups like the EQ and I.D. series, respectively. By then, EVs with self-driving tech will be cheap, practical and mainstream. And with solar and wind starting to beat coal, nuclear and gas-powered plants in price, the power you use for your EV and home will be cleaner and cleaner. Will this save the planet from excess CO2 levels? Maybe not, but we have no choice but to try.

Importance Of Digitization To The Traveling Industry

The current global industrial revolution is on the move of transforming every sector of the economy. The travel industry is one of the most positively affected sectors in the world. It is believed that only in August 2017 around 3.5 million travelers went through South Africa. That has indeed boosted the country’s economy. The question is what if the country never stayed to date with the technology developments? The answer is obvious that few individuals would have used the route to their preferred destinations.

The growth of mobile technology in the whole of Africa has increased the number of consumers who are connected and able to receive information irrespective of their location and the device they are using. The mobile services and technology are expected record above $210 billion of continents economic value by 2020. Technology has changed how the youths interact and engage when it comes to using different sites to book flights and hotels, carry out online check-ins, upgrade their seats and finally write reviews. South Africa is one of the countries in Africa that is embracing the technology improvements in its traveling industry.

Digital traveling gives the consumers a chance to have control of what they want to experience fully. What has been boosting the digital transformation is the consumer’s urge to make booking anywhere they are without necessarily traveling to the traveling agencies offices. This has helped to save time and cut the high costs that are imposed on customers by the middlemen. The absence of the digital travel operators lead to missing of accommodations, not able to book a seat before reaching the airport and this will make the check-in process more tiresome.

Given the high number of competitors in the traveling industry, the consumer will only jump to another travel services that can offer online services. It now calls for the traveling industry stakeholders to ensure that there are a reliable data and digital services as the backbone of retaining their customers. The importance of being more digital oriented is seen by looking at developments in the travel industry on the continent. Recently, AirBnB announced that it would invest $1 million through 2020 to promote and support community-led tourism projects in Africa.

In 2016 AirBnB welcomed 1.2 million guests to the continent while earning a combined $139 million in lost income. AirBnB is on the course to accommodate more than 100 million leisure and business guests in 2017 globally, up from 80 million in 2016. While that is still small compared to the $550 billion global hotel industry, it is amazing for a business that began in 2014. According to Travelport research, 86 percent of South African travelers use travel booking sites while 82 percent consult review sites to help with ideas on which destinations to visit next. It also indicates that mobile is a growing part of the booking experience with 35 percent of users using a smartphone and 38 percent a tablet to make their bookings.

The Top Tech Books Of 2017: Part II

Last week, we brought you six of the best tech books of 2017, which you promptly purchased in bulk as last-minute holiday gifts for your loved ones. No? Well, here’s another chance. We’re back this week with five more recommendations to close out the year. This week’s books take a turn for the historical: Leslie Berlin and Noam Cohen offer complementary histories of Silicon Valley and the key personalities that define it today, while Brian Dear takes a deep dive into PLATO, a prescient 1960s-era computer network that enjoyed a brief heyday on college campuses before fading into obscurity.

It’s not all about the past. Rachel Botsman looks at how modern technology is rapidly reworking centuries-old networks of trust, and Jean Twenge highlights several surprising trends defining the lives of today’s adolescents.

In case you missed it, be sure to check out our first six recommendations, which include a look at the darker side of the Instagram influencer economy and a portrait of a WWII-era woman codebreaker who, until now, has gone largely uncredited for her groundbreaking work. Happy reading!

— Miranda Katz

The Friendly Orange Glow: The Untold Story of the PLATO System and the Dawn of Cyberculture By Brian Dear

Social networks, news on your screen, multiplayer online games, porn, hacking: Virtually all of the stuff that makes up today’s internet could be found 40 years ago on a once-groundbreaking, now-mostly-forgotten computer network called PLATO. Conceived in the 1960s at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign as a form of computer-assisted education, PLATO flourished on many campuses in the 1970s: It gave the first generation of teen geeks a free-play zone in which they could send messages, play pranks on one another, and dream of new frontiers for human-computer interaction.

READ AN EXCERPT FROM THE FRIENDLY ORANGE GLOW

BRIAN DEAR When Spock Met PLATO

You’ve probably never heard of PLATO. Its technology was advanced—plasma graphics and touch-screens, in the 1960s!—but it depended on mainframe computer systems that would soon be outmoded, and the personal computer revolution turned it into a backwater, cut off from the digital mainstream. Author Brian Dear is determined to remedy PLATO’s obscurity, and his groundbreaking, exhaustive history, The Friendly Orange Glow, is a lovingly detailed biography of both the system and the subculture that it fostered. Dear’s book will let PLATO take its rightful place among digital-history milestones such as Douglas Engelbart’s “Mother of all Demos,” Xerox PARC’s graphical innovations, and the WELL’s pioneering online community.

Dear argues that one reason PLATO failed to propagate its innovations into the computing mainstream was that it was born in the American heartland, rather than on either of the trendy coasts. There’s something to that. It also didn’t help that the applications that blew PLATO users’ minds had little to do with the educational agenda of its funders. Still, though PLATO got fatally marginalized by failing to adapt to the rise of the PC in the 1980s, the system fired the imaginations of the people who would go on to shape our computing world—including software wizard Ray Ozzie, who modeled Lotus Notes on PLATO’s messaging system, and novelist Richard Powers, who credits his tech-themed tales to his early PLATO experiences. — Scott Rosenberg

iGen: Why Today’s Super-Connected Kids Are Growing Up Less Rebellious, More Tolerant, Less Happy—and Completely Unprepared for Adulthood—and What That Means for the Rest of Us By Jean M. Twenge, PhD

It’s a tired cliche that each generation looks at the next with a mixture of bewilderment and disgust. But after reading iGen, Jean Twenge’s exploration of Generation Z (the next group to come of age after my cohort, the Millennials) I’m genuinely perplexed. What is going on with kids today?

“iGen” is Twenge’s shrewd nickname for this first fully wired generation. Born in 1995 and later, iGen’s childhood and adolescence have been permeated by technology. Smartphones are a ubiquitous presence; for them there is no time before the internet. Twenge combines national demographic data with scattered interviews to find commonalities across race and socioeconomic lines.

READ AN EXCERPT FROM IGEN

JEAN M. TWENGE Why Teens Aren’t Partying Anymore

Reader, these core qualities are shocking. Each generation is supposed to grow up faster than the last, but iGen bucks this trend. Today’s teens are less likely to date, to drive, to drink alcohol, and to be sexually active than teens from earlier generations. There’s also this horrifying fact: They don’t really fight with their parents. What teenagers are these? What is going on? Twenge points to smartphones. “The devices they hold in their hand have both extended their childhoods and isolated them from true human contact,” she writes. According to Twenge, this delayed maturity makes them ill-equipped to enter adulthood.

Yet it makes sense that they’re putting off entering the precarious economic reality they’ve witnessed from their phones. “I’ve realized this: iGen’ers are scared, maybe even terrified,” Twenge writes. Their hyperconnectivity has instilled good qualities: They’re hard-working and realistic about the future; they’re the most tolerant generation in history. Rather than judge their Instagramming and avocado toast (ahem), it’s up to us to help them navigate their difficult futures. If we approach them with understanding, Twenge argues, the kids will be alright. — Alexis Sobel Fitts

The Know-It-Alls: The Rise of Silicon Valley as a Political Powerhouse and Social Wrecking Ball By Noam Cohen

The tech industry’s leadership has a well-documented love for intellectual puzzles, IQ tests, and quantitative reasoning. In The Know-It-Alls, former New York Times columnist Noam Cohen identifies this trait as both a connecting thread and an Achilles heel for the titans of Silicon Valley. On the one hand, he writes, their belief in a benign fusion of hacker sensibilities and entrepreneurial business unlocked wealth and power and built a massive new economy. On the other, their idolization of reason over emotion and individualism over the collective good has left them with dangerous blind spots in applying their knowledge on a wider social and political stage. And we’re just beginning to reckon with their cost.

READ AN EXCERPT FROM THE KNOW-IT-ALLS

NOAM COHEN The Libertarian Logic of Peter Thiel

This is an important argument, though Cohen only partially nails it. He focuses on a line of intellectual descent that starts with a pair of Stanford icons—artificial intelligence pioneer John McCarthy and business-boosting provost Frederick Terman—and ends with Peter Thiel and Mark Zuckerberg, touching along the way on Bill Gates, Marc Andreessen, Larry Page, and Sergey Brin. The Know-It-Alls is spotty in many places; its account of the corruption of the internet’s early ideals is incomplete; and it sometimes loses the line of its argument in biographical detail. Still, it’s a valuable addition to the growing body of literature that’s trying to explain how a culture of under-socialized wunderkind CEOs drove tech’s future into a ditch. — Scott Rosenberg

Troublemakers: How a Generation of Silicon Valley Upstarts Invented the Future By Leslie Berlin

How did Silicon Valley become the world’s most bountiful producer of cutting-edge tech and the riches that spring from it? Leslie Berlin delightfully answers the question by producing a web of intertwined profiles of seven people who played key but relatively unsung roles in the region’s rise during the late 1970s through the 1980s. That’s the period that saw the personal computer revolution, the foundations of the internet, the institutionalization of venture capital, the creation and monetization of biotech, and—this is a surprise—the opening of opportunities to women like engineer and ASK founder Sandra Kurtzig, who was the first woman to take a Silicon Valley company public. (Only in the latter area has the Valley gone backwards.)

READ AN EXCERPT FROM TROUBLE- MAKERS

LESLIE BERLIN The 1970s Conference That Predicted the Future of Work

Stanford historian Berlin writes with a novelist’s flair and an Austen-esque sense of social conventions. And by focusing on relatively unfamiliar characters—Apple’s first chairman Mike Markkula instead of Steve Jobs; Atari’s chief engineer Al Alcorn instead of dippy visionary Nolan Bushnell—she’s able to produce a compelling geographical Bildungsroman that sheds light on why the Valley today operates as it does. Think of it as the Rosencrantz and Guildenstern of the tech revolution. — Steven Levy

Who Can You Trust? How Technology Brought Us Together—and Why It Could Drive Us Apart By Rachel Botsman

The great promise of the internet is that it would bring us together, but as 2017 draws to a close, there’s evidence everywhere that it may be doing the opposite. Rachel Botsman believes this is a trust problem. Trust, which Botsman defines as a confident relationship with the unknown, is the currency that allows us to live among each other—conduct business; raise children; shore up our democracy. For centuries, we’ve depended on institutions like churches, governments, and the New York Times to confer that trust. Now, we’re rapidly losing faith in our institutions. How, then, can we figure out who is trustworthy?

READ AN EXCERPT FROM WHO CAN YOU TRUST?

RACHEL BOTSMAN How the Blockchain is Redefining Trust

With precision and measured optimism, Botsman makes a case for the rise of a new distributed approach to trust, powered by the digital age. She traces this new approach through the rise of enterprises such as Reddit and Kickstarter, as well as a host of technologies, including bots and the blockchain. Botsman is pragmatic in her assertion that we can choose to build mechanisms for trust into the future. “Distributed trust in itself can’t knock down the rise of extremist populist movements, dangerous policies introduced by radical political leaders or a divisive resurgence of nationalism,” she writes. “But, driven democratically and rationally, and shaped and reshaped by people’s needs and innate preferences about how they want to do things, it can provide a path forward for businesses, governments, media and other key institutions.” In a moment of great fear around instability, Botsman offers a techno-friendly vision for the opposite. — Jessi Hempel

The Tech Hubs Of The World

Dubai is set to become a global tech hub or at least planning to according to the BBC. Tech hubs are now becoming a global normality with big countries being home to at least one tech hub. Here we look at tech hubs across the world and even a tech hub in South Africa”

Johannesburg, South Africa

Jozihub is a tech hub that is located in Johannesburg. According to their site, Johannesburg remains as the driving force of the African economy and the perfect destination for an incubator like JoziHub, which has been developed to boost and push forward innovation in the South African tech and social fields.

San Jose United States Of America

San Jose is the centre of Silicon Valley, the widely accepted capital of tech. Silicon Valley is home to the world’s biggest high-tech corporations like Apple, Google and Facebook and lots of startups.

London, United Kingdom

According to the Independent, the tech area in London has drawn on more venture capital investment in the first six months of 2017 compared to any other European city since the Brexit vote. Venture capital firms have pushed into the London tech sector over £1.1 billion.

National capital region (NCR): New Delhi, Gurgaon and Noida, India

The NCR collected a total of $3,35 billion from 138 deals this year. The numbers in NCR were pumped up by the wind energy firm ReNew Power which raised $100 million in structured credit.

Shenzhen, China

This city is the home to Chinese internet colossal, Tencent. It is also home to famous Chinese gadget creators like Huawei, makers of smartphones, to DJI who make drones. The city just overtook Guangzhou as the largest economy in the south of China.

  • BUSINESS REPORT ONLINE

Revolutions Experienced In The African Telecommunication Market

Africa is in the revolution phase of the telecommunication market in the continent. Several companies concerned with the telecom operations are seeing the potential in Africa. For instance, Orange it to build headquarter in Ivory Coast which will cost $50 million. While other companies are walking out, Orange launched in Sierra Leone after buying Airtel which has been withdrawing in some markets and partnered with Tigo in Ghana.

The same approach is seen between Viettel, which is looking to stabilize in Nigeria and Dubai Holding which withdrew its shares from Tunisie Telecom. According to LehlohonoloMokenela, an industry analyst in Frost & Sullivan Africa’s Digital Transformation Practice, all this sums up to a time of revolution in Africa’s telecoms market. This is after a long period of maximum growth and benefit which seems to come to an end.

The current increase in prices of various services by the telecommunication companies have led to a reduction in the in the usage of some services especially voice and traditional messaging services like MMs and SMS. Irrespective of the heavy investments operators have only been in a position to get revenue from broadband connectivity, while the over the top (OTT) players have been able to offer value-added services. The finance pressure is what has led to the decline in the number of telecommunication companies in the African market.

However, there are still challenges and opportunities in Africa’s telecoms market it now depends on how one tends to view it. When other operators are doing well to the extent of wishing to extend their market, others are facing it hard wishing to withdraw from the market. The whole continent is undergoing the challenge with basic challenges being vigorous competition and a rise in regulatory pressure.

Every market has its unique form of competition which forces operators to reduce tariffs which has an impact on their revenues. Away from that, a number of markets are facing OTT competition. The regulatory pressures are mainly about SIM card registration, mobile tax increases, quality of service (QoS) requirements and local ownership requirements of foreign companies. Other challenges include weak economies and increased market volatility in most African markets.

With adequate access to reliable power sources and the high cost of energy is still a stumbling block to the expansion to rural areas. This makes no need of business building communication infrastructures in the rural areas. Because of that, operators have opted for tower companies and infrastructure sharing ways for them to contain their costs of operation and increase network coverage more cost-effective.

However, there are still vital growths in that are seen on the continent. In Tanzania, democratic republic of Congo (DRC) and Mozambique are amongst the few countries with growth since they have the large population and low mobile penetration rates. Ethiopia also represents a good opportunity for operators looking for geographic expansion. However, the regulator remains unwilling to open up the market to other operators to compete with the country’s only operator, Ethio Telecom.

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